# Difference between revisions of "Viscoelastic"

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==Hookean Solid== | ==Hookean Solid== | ||

− | A Hookean solid is one that displays perfectly elastic behavior. This corresponds to the fact that an applied shear stress produces a shear strain in response. Recall that the shear stress (<math>\sigma</math>) is given by the applied force over the area, namely <math>\sigma = F/A</math>, and the shear strain (<math>e</math>) is given by <math>e = \Delta x/y</math>. | + | A Hookean solid is one that displays perfectly elastic behavior. This corresponds to the fact that an applied shear stress produces a shear strain in response. Recall that the shear stress (<math>\sigma</math>) is given by the applied force over the area, namely <math>\sigma = F/A</math>, and the shear strain (<math>e</math>) is given by <math>e = \Delta x/y</math>. See Figure 1 for clarification. |

− | [[Image:Cube.png|thumb| | + | [[Image:Cube.png|thumb|Figure 1]] |

==Newtonian Liquid== | ==Newtonian Liquid== |

## Revision as of 16:43, 12 September 2009

## Definition

A substance that displays behavior that is both viscous and elastic is said to be **viscoelastic**. In this sense, viscoelastic materials are said to be a combination of the ideal (elastic) Hookean solid and the (viscous) Newtonian liquid, along with a time a dependence.

## Hookean Solid

A Hookean solid is one that displays perfectly elastic behavior. This corresponds to the fact that an applied shear stress produces a shear strain in response. Recall that the shear stress (<math>\sigma</math>) is given by the applied force over the area, namely <math>\sigma = F/A</math>, and the shear strain (<math>e</math>) is given by <math>e = \Delta x/y</math>. See Figure 1 for clarification.

## Newtonian Liquid

## Example

Since viscoelastic behavior comes in various forms,