Surface tension

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Surface tension is a property of liquid surfaces caused by cohesion. Cohesion is the physical property resulting from the intermolecular forces attracting like-molecules. The molecules on the surface of a liquid have a greater attraction to like-molecules around them than to unlike-molecules.

Molecules on the surface of a liquid experience an inward force balanced by the resistance to compression. Another important point in understanding surface tension is the liquid molecules seek the lowest possible surface area. This is the reason that liquids form droplets on hydrophobic surfaces. The interface of lke-molecules has a lower energy than the interface of unlike-molecules, therefore surface molecules seek to have as many like-molecule interfaces as possible resulting in the lowest surface area.


Surface tension (<math>\gamma</math>) has dimensions of force per unit length, <math>\frac{F} {L}</math>.


Keyword in references:

Capillary rise between elastic sheets

Contact angle associated with thin liquid films in emulsions

Controlled Assembly of Jammed Colloidal Shells on Fluid Droplets

Controlling the Fiber Diameter during electrospinning

Krafft Points, Critical Micelle Concentrations, Surface Tension, and Solubilizing Power of Aqueous Solutions of Fluorinated Surfactants

Surface-Tension-Induced Synthesis of Complex Particles Using Confined Polymeric Fluids

The Deformation of an Elastic Substrate by a Three-Phase Contact Line E. R. Jerison

Thermodynamic deviations of the mechanical equilibrium conditions for fluid surfaces: Young's and Laplace's equations

Substrate Curvature Resulting from the Capillary Forces of a Liquid Drop