Surface Forces

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The question of what forces are at play at interfaces is an ancient one: Why does matter stick together? Why do gases condense to liquids, and liquids to solids? The study of adhesion, cohesion, and intermolecular forces has been an important part of physics for 300 years. Significant advances are associated with the names Newton, Laplace, and van der Waals. The most recent with Derjaguin and Lishitz and arise from quantum and statistical mechanics.

(Paraphrase from frontice pages of) J.S. Rowlinson, Cohesion - A scientific history of intermolecular forces. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; 2002.


See also:

Surface forces from Lectures for AP225.

Extended Reading

  • de Gennes (2004) Chapter 4. Wetting and long-range forces.
  • Derjaguin (1987)
    • Chapter 1. Forces near interfaces;
    • Chapter 2. Disjoining pressure
  • Israelachivili
    • Chapter 10. Contrasts between intermolecular, interparticle, and intersurface forces;
    • Chapter 13. Solvation, structural and hydration forces;
    • Chapter 14. Steric and fluctuation forces
  • Mahanty
    • Chapter 1. Introduction;
    • Chapter 6. Role of the dispersion force field in adsorption and polymer solutions.
  • Parsegian; Prelude. The dance of the charges; How do we convert absorption spectra to charge-fluctuation forces? How good are measurements?
  • Tanford; Chapter 1. The solubility of hydrocarbons in water