Superhydrophobic surfaces

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Started by Lauren Hartle, Fall 2011.

Entry has been combined with Superhydrophobicity, Superhydrophicity (misspelled) and Superhydrophobic. (LH 2011)


A water droplet on a superhydrophobic surface has a contact angle of greater than 150 degrees and a very low roll-off angle. In nature and in man-made materials, this has been achieved with Structured Surfaces. Advantages of such surfaces include the ability to repel water and self-clean.[3] Industrial applications include "self-cleaning window glasses, paints, and textiles to low-friction surfaces for fluid flow and energy conservation."[2] To understand why water droplets wet these surfaces so poorly, one m

Figure from reference 1.

Wenzel: <math>\cos{\theta}_c = r \cos{\theta}</math>

where r is the ratio of the actual area to the projected contact area. Cassie-Baxter: <math>\cos{\theta}_{c} = \phi \left( cos \theta + 1 \right) - 1</math> <math>cos \theta < \frac {\phi - 1}{r -\phi}</math>

It is argued that surface structure can produce superhydrophobic effects, even on a hydrophilic surface. For example, lotus leaves have been shown to be superhydrophobic, despite the waxy, weakly hydrophilic coating on the surface.[1] It has been demonstrated that the surface of a lotus leaf is superhydrophobic in part due to the presence of hierarchical surface structures structures consisting of micro- and nano-scale features. [2] Butterfly wings and parts of pitcher plants have observed superhydrophobic properties.

Figure from reference 2.


[1]"Design parameters for superhydrophobicity and superoleophobicity". Anish Tuteja, Wonjae Choi, Gareth H. McKinley, Robert E. Cohen, and Michael F. Rubner. MRS Bulletin 33 (8), 752-758 (August 2008)

[2]"Fabrication of artificial Lotus leaves and significance of hierarchical structure for superhydrophobicity and low adhesion". Kerstin Koch, Bharat Bhushan, Yong Chae Jung and Wilhelm Barthlott. Soft Matter, 2009, 5, 1386–1393.

[3]"Self-cleaning materials: Lotus leaf inspired nanotechnology" Peter Forbes, Scientific American 30 July 2008.

See also

Superhydrophobic surfaces in Effects of contact angles in Capillarity and wetting from Lectures for AP225.

Keyword in References

Bioinspired self-repairing slippery surfaces with pressure-stable omniphobicity

Growth of polygonal rings and wires of CuS on structured surfaces

Pitcher plant inspired non-stick surface