Structure, Function, and Self-Assembly of Single Network Gyroid (I4132) Photonic Crystals in Butterfly Wing Scales

From Soft-Matter
Revision as of 02:48, 5 October 2010 by Hausmann (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Birgit Hausmann

Reference

V. Saranathan et. al. "Structure, Function, and Self-Assembly of Single Network Gyroid (I4<math>_1</math>32) Photonic Crystals in Butterfly Wing Scales" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 107, 11676-11681 (2010)

Keywords

biological meta-materials, organismal color, biomimetics, biological cubic mesophases


Overview

Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to identify the 3D photonic nanostructures (made of chitin and air) of five butterfly species from two families (Papilionidae, Lycaenidae) as single network gyroid (<math>I4_132</math>) photonic crystals. Photonic band-gap modeling was also performed. Butterflies first develop thermodynamically favored double gyroid precursors and transform these into a single gyroid network which is optically more efficient.

Results and Discussion

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5