Spreading of nanofluids on solids
Wasan, D.T., Nikolov, A.D., Nature 423 (2003).
adhesion, spreading, disjoining pressure
The authors of the paper study adhesion and spreading of suspensions of nanometer-size particles, or nanofluids. When a gas bubble dispersed in an aqueous nanofluid approaches a smooth hydrophilic solid surface, a microscopic transition exists between the liquid film and the meniscus. This transition region has a wedge-like profile, and the nanofluid film can change in steps inside this region. The aim of the paper is to find how structural disjoining pressure affects the spreading of colliodal fluids on solid surfaces.
In the first experiment, a wedge-film was formed by blowing an air bubble (diameter 200um) against a smooth glass plate in a suspension of 1um-latex spheres. The volume fraction of latex spheres was 7%. It was found that the latex particles form a 2D colliod crystal at a thickness of the wedge film equal to twice the particle diameter, but the structure changes to a disordered structure when the film grows in excess of three particle diameters.