Spatial cooperativity in soft glassy flows

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Reference

Goyon, J., Colin, A., Ovarlez, G., Ajdari, A., Bocquet, L., Nature 454 (2008).

Keywords

spatial cooperativity, glass, velocity profile, shear stress, shear strain, Couette cell

Summary

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Figure 2.

A general feature of glassy materials is a strong nonlinear flow rule relating stress and strain. This feature is no well-documented and poorly understood. Many have tried to understand the glass transition by studying the dynamical heterogeneities in glass-forming materials, but how these heterogeneities affect flow remains unclear. Using a local velocity measurement technique, the authors study the local flow of a film of confined glassy material.

The authors test flow in two main geometries: shear planar flow in a wide gap Couette cell, and pressure driven planar flow