Shape Memory Polymer Stent With Expandable Foam: A New Concept for Endovascular Embolization of Fusiform Aneurysms

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Original entry: William Bonificio, AP 225, Fall 2009

A 3d reconstructed image of a fusiform aneurysm in the basilar artery, this is an example of a nonnecked aneurysm and was used for a model upon which to test the device

Information

Shape Memory Polymer Stent With Expandable Foam: A New Concept for Endovascular Embolization of Fusiform Aneurysms. IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering, vol. 54, no. 6, 2007, pg. 1157

Soft matter keywords

Magnetotactic Bacteria, paramagnetism, iron oxide, colloids, debye length.

Summary

The purpose of this study was to propose a new device for the therapy of non-necked aneurysms. The researchers proposed a shape memory stent be combined with a shape memory foam in order to produce an embolism that fills the aneurysm with the foam, and a stent which provides blood flow, all in a single device. Current methods are much more invasive, and also take a longer time involving multiple procedures. A further explanation of these aneurysms and the device that was formed is below.

Soft matter discussion

a) the device as it was prepared before being compacted to be inserted into the aneurysm, the 'memory' of the structure to form. b) The compacted device that is able to be inserted. c) a cross-sectional diagram of the inflated 'memorized' structure


a,b) the model for the fusiform gyrus. c,d,e,f) show the process of insertion of the device, then inflation. Upon visual inspection the device worked great!.

Cerebral aneurysms occur when blood collects in these pockets in the circulatory system, that then grow due to pressure, becoming very weak, and then rupturing, often having fatal results. Many aneurysms are treated by embolizing, or filling the pocket so that the walls of the aneurysm do not feel the pressure of the blood. This can be done with coils, or balloons, or a combination of these things along with stents. These procedures can become very complicated and invasive depending on different factors, especially the neck of the aneurysm.