Difference between revisions of "Photonic crystal"

From Soft-Matter
Jump to: navigation, search
Line 6: Line 6:
 
== Definition ==
 
== Definition ==
  
A photonic crystal is a dielectric superlattice whose refractive index varies periodically in three dimensions. The simplest type of photonic crystal is a single-component dielectric with high refractive-index which has a periodic lattice of air holes. With sufficiently high refractive index-contrast, the lattice forbids the propagation of light in all direction over a specific frequency range. This range is called the photonic crystal's band gap.
+
A photonic crystal is a dielectric superlattice whose refractive index varies periodically in three dimensions. The simplest type of photonic crystal is a single-component dielectric with high refractive-index which has a periodic lattice of air holes. With sufficiently high refractive index-contrast, the lattice forbids the propagation of light in all direction over a specific frequency range. This range is called the photonic crystal's band gap. The band-gap arises due to interference from periodic scattering and is a 3D extension of the concept of a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bragg_mirror Bragg mirror]

Revision as of 20:46, 23 November 2009

Under construction

Original Entry: Ian Bruce Burgess Fall 2009


Definition

A photonic crystal is a dielectric superlattice whose refractive index varies periodically in three dimensions. The simplest type of photonic crystal is a single-component dielectric with high refractive-index which has a periodic lattice of air holes. With sufficiently high refractive index-contrast, the lattice forbids the propagation of light in all direction over a specific frequency range. This range is called the photonic crystal's band gap. The band-gap arises due to interference from periodic scattering and is a 3D extension of the concept of a Bragg mirror