Original entry by Hyerim Hwang, AP 226, Spring 2012.
Alex Nikolov, Kirti Kondiparty, and Darsh Wasan, "Nanoparticle Self-Structuring in a Nanofluid Film Spreading on a Solid Surface", Langmuir 2010 26(11), 7665-7670
Thin film stability, Nanofluids, Disjoining pressure
Figure 1.Photomicrograph depicting nanofluid film formation.
This paper investigates the complex mechanism involved in the solid-nanofluid-oil interactions by directly observing the phenomenon of nanoparticle self-layering due to confinement of nanoparticles in a thin film. This research also shows that the effect of film size on stability of nanolfluid films on a solid substrate.
Figure 2. (a) Film with dimple in the shape of a horseshoe and (b) filme with four particle layers. (c) With time, a film with three layers of particles.
Figure 3. Photomicrograph depicting particle layering of silica suspension on a solid surface.
Figure 4. (A) Photomicrograph depicting the nanofluid film and the adjoining meniscus. (B) Differential interferometry in reflected light. (C) Film-meniscus profile.
Figure 5. Profile of the nanofluid film-meniscus region as probed by differential interferometric method.
Figure 6. Film-meniscus microscopic contact angle versus film thickness and corresponding number of particle layers in a stratifying nanofluid film on a surface.
Figure 7. Calculated oscillatory film structural energy isotherm as a function of film thickness scaled by the effective particle diameter.
In this paper, the experimental results of the nanoparticle self-ordering and stepwise thinning of the nanofluid film fromed between an oil drop and a solid surface are reported. This also presents the measured contact angle of film-meniscus and thickness corresponding to the number of particle layers on a solid surface. These were used for getting the film energy due to the nanoparticle layering within the nanofluid film.