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Revision as of 06:18, 28 October 2009

SEAS Faculty - Selected publications on soft matter and complex fluids

Within applied physics in SEAS a number of faculty conduct fundamental research on soft matter and complex fluids. They study materials highly deformable by externally applied stresses, electric or magnetic fields, or thermal fluctuations, including polymers, liquid crystals, fluids and complex fluids, surfactants, colloids, foams, and emulsions; they study fluid interfaces and avalanches in granular materials and the non-equilibrium dynamics of disordered systems.

Over the past several years a large number of publications have evolved from this research. The links in the following table are examples (about 270 recent papers!):

Joanna Aizenberg

(1-8)

Michael Brenner

(9-34)

Philippe Cluzel

(35-42)

Jene Golovchenko

(43)

L. Mahadevan

(44-79)

Vinny Manoharan

(227-232)

Daniel Needleman

(80-87)

David Nelson

(88-94)

Peter Pershan

(95-116)

Sharad Ramanathan

(269-270)

Frans Spaepen

(117-129)

David Weitz

(130-184)

Outside SEAS George Whitesides

(185-208)

Howard Stone

(233-268)

Seth Fraden

(271-291)

And others

(209-226, 292-300)

These publications illuminate fundamental concepts in soft matter and complex fluids. One of our goals for courses in soft matter and complex fluids is to prepare students to contribute to this high level of research. (The numbers of the references are used to group papers on similar topics in soft matter to be used in APPHY 225, See below.)



Applied Physics 225 : Introduction to Soft Matter.

Ian D. Morrison

Introduction to soft condensed matter, or “complex fluids,” including polymers, surfactants, emulsions, foams, and biological structures. Emphasis is on physical principles that govern bulk behavior. Students will understand the concepts, experimental techniques, and open questions. Prerequisite: Knowledge of thermodynamics and basic statistical mechanics and some familiarity with phase diagrams and differential equations.

  • Textbooks for AP225 are:
    • Soft condensed matter by R.A.L. Jones; Oxford University Press: New York; 2002
    • Structured fluids: Polymers, colloids, surfactants by T. A. Witten (with P. A. Pincus); Oxford University Press: New York; 2004
  • Class notes and additions by the students in APPHY 225 in 2008 were combined to create this wiki. Succeeding classes add more content.
  • The following show links between the topics in APPHY 225 and the soft-matter wiki:
Schedule Topic
Topic 1 General Introduction
Topic 2 Surface Forces
Topic 3 Capillarity and wetting
Topic 4 Polymers and polymer solutions
Topic 5 Surfactants
Topic 6 Phases and Phase Diagrams
Topic 7 Charged interfaces
Topic 8 Thin "soft" films and colloidal stability
Topic 9 Viscosity, elasticity, and viscoelasticity
Topic 10 Emulsions and foams
Topic 11 Soft matter - Course review
  • Each student in APPHY 225 in the fall of 2008 also prepared a final wiki entry:
Tom Alimsijah Nefeli Georgoulia Dahlia Goldfeld
Clinton Hansen Nick Hutzler Joe Martel
SeungYeon Kang Lidiya Mishchenko Michael Petralia
Alex Nemiroski Nan Niu Brandy Pappas
Amanda Peters Julia Rasmussen Raji Shankar
Naveen Sinha David Vader Ilija Zeljkovic
  • The fall 2009 class will use the SEAS publications above as the basis for soft-matter wiki entries. The publications are grouped according to the lecture topics:
Lecture topic Recent publications from SEAS et alii (See bibliography above)
General introduction 35,36, 44, 47, 72, 88, 92, 119, 155, 166, 170, 179, 180, 278
Surface forces 32, 33, 59, 70, 93, 98, 100, 104, 106, 110, 114, 116, 117, 118, 127, 128, 129, 173, 204, 225, 288
Capillarity and wetting 3, 4, 13, 16, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 34, 49, 53, 55, 62, 63, 64, 66, 71, 74, 77, 95, 96, 97, 99, 101, 102, 105, 112, 116, 144, 149, 150, 158, 185, 186, 193, 196, 197, 200, 201, 208, 209, 211, 213, 215, 217, 218, 220, 221, 224, 226, 233, 236, 243, 245, 254, 256
Polymers and polymer solutions 31,43, 48, 80, 94, 133, 147
Surfactants and spontaneous ordering 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 12, 17, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 56, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 109, 111, 113, 137, 139, 172, 184, 198, 199, 202, 203, 205, 206, 207, 212, 214, 216, 219, 227, 228, 229, 232, 272, 276, 277, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 289, 290
Equilibria and phase diagrams 10, 11, 28, 89, 90, 91, 103, 107, 108, 115, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 134, 176, 177, 178, 181, 222, 230, 252, 265, 271, 275, 279, 291
Charged interfaces 7, 8, 12, 26, 27, 133a, 240, 241, 273
Colloidal stability 20, 29, 52, 131, 141, 157, 161, 163, 165, 167, 280
Rheology and viscoelasticity 18, 23, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 54, 58, 60, 61, 65, 67, 68, 73, 75, 76, 78, 135, 136, 138, 142, 145, 148, 152,153, 156, 159, 160, 169, 174, 175, 183, 192, 21, 244, 247, 250, 259, 260
Foams 14, 30, 57, 69, 162, 168, 187, 188, 190, 191, 194, 195, 223, 235, 237, 238, 239, 242, 246, 248, 249, 253, 257, 263, 274
Emulsions 72, 130, 131, 132, 138, 143, 146, 164, 171, 189, 231, 234, 251, 255, 258, 261, 262, 264, 266, 267, 268
Summary and review

Those entries can be found here:

Dariela Almeda William Daley Bonificio Michelle A Borkin
Ian Bruce Burgess Maja Clare Cassidy Rupak Chakraborty
Nicholas Edward Chisholm Pei-Hua Chuang Sujit Sankar Datta
Nikolai Alexandrovich Eroshenko Joerg Fritz Ashok Ashwin Kumar
Hsin-I Lu Holly Alice McIlwee Antony G Orth
Rebecca Wood Perry Nicholas Benjamin Schade Warren Lloyd Ung
Benjamin Huei-Yah Yang Haifei Zhang Xu Zhang

Applied Physics 226 : Introduction to Soft Matter - Capillarity and Wetting

Ian D. Morrison

This introductory course considers phenomena strongly influenced by surface tensions, high curvatures, thin films, diffusion, adsorption, or wetting, which are variously mobile, dynamic, polymeric, transient, or fragile. Emphasis is on the physics, thermodynamics, rheological and scaling laws that govern bulk behavior.


  • Textbook for AP226 is:
    • Capillarity and wetting phenomena by P.-G. de Gennes, F. Brochard-Wyatt and D. Quéré.
  • Class notes are saved as pdf files on the iSites page for APPHY 226.
  • Each student in APPHY 226 in the spring of 2009 prepared a weekly entry for the soft-matter wiki, usually based on a SEAS publication (a total of about 130 papers!):
Tom Alimsijah Donald Aubrecht Alexander Epstein
Nefeli Georgoulia Sung Hoon Kang Tom Kodger
Sorell Massenburg Lidiya Mishchenko Nan Niu
Tony Orth Naveen Sinha Scott Tsai
Zach Wissner-Gross
  • A take-home final was given.



Miscellany from the 2008-2009 classes

List of all pages in the wiki

Most popular pages in the wiki.

Vocabulary page for APPHY 225 Fall 2009

Foundational publications by B.V. Derjaguin