Fluorination

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Definition

Fluorination is the chemical process of adding the element fluorine into a molecule. Fluorine has atomic number 9 and is in group 17, the halogens. Fluorination is a kind of halogenation. This periodic table is from wikimedia commons and shows Fluorine's position at the top of the Halogens (group 17).

Applications

  • Fluorinating a surface or applying a fluorinated coating lowers the surface energy and makes the surface more hydrophobic. Desbief et. al. [3] coat an aluminum surface with a fluorinated block copolymer to make the aluminum more hydrophobic.
  • Pharmaceuticals

References

[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halogenation

[2] http://www.thefreedictionary.com/fluorination

[3] Superhydrophobic Aluminum Surfaces by Deposition of Micelles of Fluorinated Block Copolymers. Desbief, S., Grignard, B., Detrembleur, C., Rioboo, R., Vaillant, A., Seveno, D., Voue, M., De Coninck, J., Jonas, A.M., Jerome, C., Damman, P., and Lazzaroni, R. Langmuir (2009). doi: 10.1021/la902565y.