A process by which particles become evenly distributed throughout a medium. The random movement of particles (see Brownian Motion) drives the diffusion of small molecules and particles in liquid. The diagram below shows two different types of molecules in two separate compartments. Once the divider is removed, both types of molecules diffuse through the whole container.
Dufresne, Squires, Brenner, and Grier study the diffusion of two micron-sized silica spheres in their letter, Hydrodynamic Coupling of Two Brownian Spheres to a Planar Surface. The authors study the spheres' diffusion coefficients and determine how the proximity to a flat surface affects diffusion.
In the Wikimedia Commons video below, food coloring is dropped into two glasses of water. Can you guess which glass is hot and which one is cold? Click here for the answer.