Difference between revisions of "Creep"

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(Definition)
(Definition)
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==Definition==
 
==Definition==
  
Creep is the time dependent change in [[Strain]] of a material subject to a constant [[Stress]]. A [[Creep test]] and [[Stress relaxation]] test attempt to quantify the same material behavior: the timescale and functional form of molecular and/or atomic rearrangement that occurs when a material is irreversibly deformed. The mechanism of creep differs depending on the material. In a crystal, mechanisms for creep include the movement of dislocations and the diffusion of atoms along grain boundaries or through grains.  
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Creep is the time dependent change in [[Strain]] of a material subject to a constant [[Stress]]. A [[Creep test]] attempts to quantify the relevant timescales and functional forms of molecular and/or atomic rearrangement that occur when a material creeps. The mechanism of creep differs depending on the material. In a crystal, mechanisms for creep include the movement of dislocations (Dislocation Creep) and the diffusion of atoms along grain boundaries (Coble Creep) or through the bulk (Nabarro-Herring creep).  
  
 
The general equation for describing creep is:
 
The general equation for describing creep is:
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<math> \frac{\mathrm{d}\varepsilon}{\mathrm{d}t} = \frac{C\sigma^m}{d^b} e^\frac{-Q}{kT}</math>
 
<math> \frac{\mathrm{d}\varepsilon}{\mathrm{d}t} = \frac{C\sigma^m}{d^b} e^\frac{-Q}{kT}</math>
  
where the left hand side is the strain rate due to creep, ''Q'' is the activation energy of creep, ''d'' is the grain size, <math>\sigma</math> is the stress in the material, ''T'' is the temperature, and ''m'' and ''b'' are constants that depend on the mechanism of creep.
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where the left hand side is the strain rate due to creep, ''Q'' is the activation energy of creep, ''d'' is the grain size, <math>\sigma</math> is the stress in the material, ''T'' is the temperature, and ''m'' and ''b'' are constants that depend on the mechanism of creep. In dislocation creep, m = 4 to 6 and b = 0. In Nabarro-Herring creep, m = 1 and b = 2. In Coble creep, m = 1 and b = 3.
  
 
==See also:==
 
==See also:==

Revision as of 21:22, 9 December 2011

Started by Lauren Hartle, Fall 2011.

Definition

Creep is the time dependent change in Strain of a material subject to a constant Stress. A Creep test attempts to quantify the relevant timescales and functional forms of molecular and/or atomic rearrangement that occur when a material creeps. The mechanism of creep differs depending on the material. In a crystal, mechanisms for creep include the movement of dislocations (Dislocation Creep) and the diffusion of atoms along grain boundaries (Coble Creep) or through the bulk (Nabarro-Herring creep).

The general equation for describing creep is:

<math> \frac{\mathrm{d}\varepsilon}{\mathrm{d}t} = \frac{C\sigma^m}{d^b} e^\frac{-Q}{kT}</math>

where the left hand side is the strain rate due to creep, Q is the activation energy of creep, d is the grain size, <math>\sigma</math> is the stress in the material, T is the temperature, and m and b are constants that depend on the mechanism of creep. In dislocation creep, m = 4 to 6 and b = 0. In Nabarro-Herring creep, m = 1 and b = 2. In Coble creep, m = 1 and b = 3.

See also:

Creep of ice, Creep test

Keyword in references:

Homogeneous flow of metallic glasses: A free volume perspective

Stress Enhancement in the Delayed Yielding of Colloidal Gels