# Difference between revisions of "Colloidal self-assembly at an interface"

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− | It | + | It is well known that colloidal particles can form at the interfaces between liquids. This phenomenon can be used to self-assemble colloidal particles and ultimately to synthesize new materials. |

The colloidal particles' ability to bind to liquid and stabilize emulsion is guided by the need to minimize interfacial energy. When a particle moves from a liquid to a liquid-liquid interface, the change in free energy is | The colloidal particles' ability to bind to liquid and stabilize emulsion is guided by the need to minimize interfacial energy. When a particle moves from a liquid to a liquid-liquid interface, the change in free energy is | ||

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<math>\Delta G=-\pi R^2\gamma_{OW} (1-\cos\theta_C)^2</math> | <math>\Delta G=-\pi R^2\gamma_{OW} (1-\cos\theta_C)^2</math> | ||

− | where <math>R</math> is the particle radius, <math>\gamma_{OW}</math> is the energy per unit area of the liquid-liquid interface, and <math>\theta_C</math> is the contact angle. | + | where <math>R</math> is the particle radius, <math>\gamma_{OW}</math> is the energy per unit area of the liquid-liquid interface, and <math>\theta_C</math> is the contact angle. The contact angle is related to the energy per unit area of the various interfaces through: |

+ | <math>\cos\theta_C=(\gamma_{PO}-\gamma_{PW})/\gamma_{OW}</math>, | ||

+ | where <math>\gamma_{PO}</math> is at the particle-oil interface, and <math>\gamma_PW}</math> is at the particle-water interface. | ||

+ | |||

+ | The paper focuses on how to control the assembly of colloidal particles at liquid-liquid interfaces. The control methods are divided into two categories: | ||

+ | |||

+ | 1) controlling the geometry at the interface | ||

+ | |||

+ | 2) controlling the particle-particle interaction at the interface | ||

+ | [[Image:droplet1.jpg]] |

## Revision as of 04:33, 20 September 2010

Edited by Qichao Hu

September 19th, 2010

reference: [1]

It is well known that colloidal particles can form at the interfaces between liquids. This phenomenon can be used to self-assemble colloidal particles and ultimately to synthesize new materials.

The colloidal particles' ability to bind to liquid and stabilize emulsion is guided by the need to minimize interfacial energy. When a particle moves from a liquid to a liquid-liquid interface, the change in free energy is

<math>\Delta G=-\pi R^2\gamma_{OW} (1-\cos\theta_C)^2</math>

where <math>R</math> is the particle radius, <math>\gamma_{OW}</math> is the energy per unit area of the liquid-liquid interface, and <math>\theta_C</math> is the contact angle. The contact angle is related to the energy per unit area of the various interfaces through: <math>\cos\theta_C=(\gamma_{PO}-\gamma_{PW})/\gamma_{OW}</math>, where <math>\gamma_{PO}</math> is at the particle-oil interface, and <math>\gamma_PW}</math> is at the particle-water interface.

The paper focuses on how to control the assembly of colloidal particles at liquid-liquid interfaces. The control methods are divided into two categories:

1) controlling the geometry at the interface

2) controlling the particle-particle interaction at the interface