Contributed by Daniel Daniel
To put it simply, biomimetics is the study of design principles in biological systems with the view of integrating them in engineering systems and modern technology. In some sense, biomimetics can be viewed as a process of reverse-engineering of biological systems. This is often a fruitful exercise, because evolutionary pressures often forces living organisms to be highly optimized and efficient. There are many early examples of biomimetics, such as the invention of velcro, which was inspired by tiny hooks found on the surface of burs and the cat's eye reflectors which were the results of studying the mechanism of cat's eyes.